In 2013, the Welsh Government approved £5million of funding towards the development of Tywyn hospital. The project involved constructing a new-build primary care centre and refurbishing an existing ward to integrate primary and community hospital services. The acting Health Board, Betsi Cadwaladr, stated that the new facilities will offer “vast improvements in patient dignity, privacy and comfort”  and include services such as palliative care, rehabilitation and assessment whilst taking patient transfers from other hospitals.
Upon the recommendation of appointed installers, Falconers Electricals Ltd. of Penrhyndeudraeth, Dextra Lighting were selected as partners for the project, to deliver a sophisticated LED solution for the brand-new care facilities, featuring precision-engineered luminaires, state-of-the-art emergency lighting and sensor controls. With lighting being recognised as a key factor affecting patient well-being and staff performance, Dextra Lighting designed and delivered a high-quality and safe visual environment for all occupants, whilst helping the NHS meet energy targets.
lighting in healthcare
The NHS has long been aware of the impact of lighting conditions on the provision of high-quality health care and accommodation. A report commissioned by NHS Estate entitled “Lighting and colour for hospital design”  concluded that:
“The quality of the visual environment has a positive effect on the occupant’s feeling of well-being and in the case of hospitals and healthcare buildings this can affect staff performance and patient recovery…measures to maximise performance through improved [visual] environments will generally be cost-effective.”
The study, jointly conducted by the British Research Establishment (BRE) and
London Southbank University, refers to research showing the negative effects of harsh lighting to patients in critical care and light flickering (characteristic of fluorescent fixtures) to persons with neurological conditions, and explains how well-designed, low-glare lighting can, for example: improve development in neonatal wards, stabilise sleep patterns and benefit the elderly and partially sighted. A less clinical and softer approach to lighting has also shown to reduce anxiety in patients during examinations which avoids tests having to be retaken, whilst high-quality lighting also contributes to reassuring patients of the standard of service provided and ultimately gain their trust.
LED – “A substantial saving with one measure”
NHS specifiers aim to balance the quality of the visual environment with sobering budget realities. With LED luminaires now combining superior light quality and modern functionality with unparalleled energy efficiency and low-maintenance benefits, the NHS rightly observes that it can make “a substantial saving with just one measure” as:
- “Lighting installation costs, even those involving high quality equipment, will be tiny compared with the cost of staff and medical equipment. If high-quality lighting makes just a small improvement on the performance of the hospital…then it will be a price worth paying.”
In short, the NHS is saving money with high-quality LED lighting designs by:
- Boosting performance – Facilitating patient treatment and recovery through effective task illumination for staff and providing comfortable, patient-focused lighting.
- Efficiency savings – Cutting both energy (by an average of 60% compared to conventional lighting) and maintenance costs, and reinvesting the savings in frontline services.
- Lower carbon emissions – Receiving financial benefits through improving NHS Estate’s position in the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) league table.
The Health Board gave Dextra Lighting full responsibility to design the lighting using LED products exclusively. The new lighting needed to assist clinical, administrative and general housekeeping tasks by providing optimal lighting conditions in the wards, patient bedrooms, offices, stores, circulation, WC and plant areas, as well as outside the building. The installation was to conform fully to UGR, CIBSE and SLL Lighting Guide 2: Hospitals and Health Care Building (2008) standards to create a comfortable, safe and reassuring environment for patients, whilst boosting staff productivity. A digital auto-test emergency lighting system was also requested to accurately monitor, test and maintain each individual emergency luminaire according to stringent BS 5266 hospital safety regulations. Advanced sensor and dimming controls would also be supplied and commissioned to maximise energy savings and allow the lighting to be adjusted for medical tasks or patient recovery.
Recessed and Suspended lighting
For the meeting, consultation and administration rooms, the versatile MODLED Slim was provided in both recessed (in both lay-in and pull-up installation modes) and suspended formats to integrate with the architectural design. This modular range of LED luminaires is available in lumen outputs ranging from 3500 to as high 15,200lm, across three body sizes, offering solutions for a variety of interior applications. A 3500lm version was installed in the offices and meeting rooms to meet BSEN 12464 glare requirements for areas where monitors are in use. With high-transmission diffusers offering 93% transmission and excellent diffusion, the highly-efficient Modled Slim balances comfort, glare-control and performance to revitalise working environments.
In the new-build rooms, a higher 4500lm version was used to achieve optimal lux levels and uniform coverage with wider luminaire spacings. This allowed installations to be designed using the least amount of luminaires; thereby lowering capital costs and energy consumption. The 4500lm variant with DSI dimming was selected for the treatment and GP consultation rooms to allow staff to easily switch from a higher task-focused light level to a more comfortable patient-friendly setting when required. The DSI controls also operate with an integral REAF 2 sensor, combining daylight regulation and presence detection, harvesting energy savings whilst seamlessly integrating with daylight entering from the windows.
Downlighters and Amenity lighting
The ultra-versatile Protec LED downlighter was used extensively throughout the building, with a total of 180 luminaires installed featuring a wide range of customisable options in corridors, wards, patient bedrooms, WC facilities, dining and waiting areas.
Hospital corridors connect patients and staff from one department to another around the clock. They also occupy a large proportion of a hospital’s total square metres. From a lighting perspective, these circulation areas present a high energy-saving potential which can be unlocked through the energy-efficiency benefits of LED and intelligent lighting controls.
By combining the use of the latest Lumileds LEDs with high-efficiency anodised aluminium reflectors, the Protec LED is an ideal choice for low-energy projects, offering LORs of over 90% for lumen outputs of up to 3000lm, whilst reducing the electrical load by at least 60% compared to fluorescent or HID equivalents. In the hospital’s corridors, 2000lm versions were provided with specular reflectors to achieve optimal lux levels and uniform distribution with spacings as wide as 2.4m.
To maximise energy savings further, the Protec LED was supplied with High Frequency dimming controls and the REAF 1 passive infra-red (PIR) presence detection sensor, designed and manufactured
in-house by Dexsor – Dextra Group’s lighting control specialists. Programmed to “Corridor Mode”, the lighting now reacts to staff and patient movements throughout the day; dimming to a minimum output level of 10%, for safety and guidance when occupants are outside the detection zone.
Patient bedrooms and WC facilities
Together with the Amenity Decorative LED (AMED LED), the Protec LED helped create a comfortable sleeping area for patients. In the entrance to each private bedroom and the ward’s internal corridors, a Night Light dimming function allowed the Protec LED to switch to a 10% light output during the night to reassure patients and allow nurses to perform their routine checks without causing disturbance.
The 2000lm AMED LED bulkhead was fitted directly over each bed acting as main lighting. Decorative colour attachments were supplied with both these luminaires to help create a less clinical look; with the combination of the AMED’s opal diffuser and cool white 4000k LEDs producing a gentler and more intimate ambience. Out of a range of dimming options, Switch-Dimming was also provided to ensure optimum light levels for patients at all times. The AMED LED was also wall-mounted in the hospital’s stairwells, offering uniform and safe light coverage throughout.
For the ward’s WC facilities, the Protec LED was was delivered with a IP44 cover, which can be silicone sealed to IP65 for wet areas such as bathrooms; and a semi-specular reflector providing a narrower distribution suitable to smaller enclosed areas. The bedroom’s en-suite bathrooms on the other hand, featured the sturdy and efficient Amenity Plus bulkhead, offering IP65 protection and high LORs of 80% in lumen outputs of up to 2000lm. This practical and versatile luminaire is designed for both external and internal use and is available with a range of integral sensor, emergency and dimming options to tailor the luminaire to suit a diverse range of applications.
Waiting and dining rooms
To give the waiting rooms more inviting and less intimidating hospital feel, the Protec LED was provided with attractive orange halo ring surrounding the luminaire in a colourful circular glow. Again, using 2000lm versions with specular reflectors, the desired light levels and uniform coverage were achieved using efficient spacings of over 2.4m with fewer fittings.
Auto-test emergency lighting and DALI monitoring system
In addition to the integral emergency lighting functions integral of most LED products in this project, the standalone AME LED emergency bulkhead; the energy-saving LED3 emergency module; and the highly efficient and low-maintenance EXI LED for emergency exit signage, were strategically positioned across the entire hospital and in hard to reach areas, to provide maximum coverage. Complete with auto-test functions, these luminaires were then linked to a complex DALI monitoring system, supplied and commissioned by Dextra Group, which generates accurate reports of the entire network of emergency luminaries and is accessible from a centralised touch-screen interface. The system’s graphic map allows users to easily identify and locate faults such as: charging problems, lamp or LED failures and missing devices, to maintain the emergency lighting fully functional and up-to-date at all times.
Automatic testing can now be scheduled for an exact time and date during the year. A “function test” is required once monthly (lasting approximately between 10 – 20 seconds), and a “duration test” (3 hour) once yearly. As the hospital operates 24 hours a day and 365 days a year, Dextra Group engineers established these testing times for the middle of summer, at midday, to cause the least amount of disruption to service.
Overall, the advanced system allows emergency lighting to be constantly monitored, checked and maintained to BS BS 5266 safety standards with minimal inconvenience to patients and staff. In cases where the lighting cannot be managed internally, Dextra Group can also offer off-site monitoring and automatic emails of reports.